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Stone Mountain Middle

Dekalb County Schools


Europe vocabulary

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  1. Acid Rain: rain, snow or mist that is acidic   

  1. Agriculture: farming   

  1. Alliances: agreeing to defend one another from attack  

  1. Aftermath: the consequences of a significant unpleasant event 

  1. Autocratic: government controlled by one person  

  1. Berlin Wall: wall built by the East German government in 1961 to divide East and West Berlin that came to symbolize Cold War divisions   

  1. Canadian Shield: major landform in eastern Canada 

  1. Capital: money or goods that are used to make products 

  1. Chernobyl: Nuclear power plant in Ukraine that exploded in 1986 killing & sickening many in surrounding area    

  1. Christianity: main religion of Europe, which is based on the teachings of Jesus Christ 

  1. Citizen: legal member of a country  

  1. Climate: average weather of a place over many years   

  1. Cold War: post World War II period of hostility between the U.S. and its allies on one side and the Soviet Union and its allies on the other side  

  1. Colonization: movement of new settlers and their culture to an area  

  1. Colony: group of people living in a new territory  

  1. Command: economy in which the central government makes all basic economic decisions   

  1. Communism: economic system in which the government owns all property and makes all economic decisions   

  1. Constitutional monarchy: system of government in which laws in the constitution limit the monarch’s power  

  1. Culture: believes, customs, practices and behavior of a particular nation or group of people  

  1. Currency: money used by different countries  

  1. Danube River: Europe’s second longest river that flows from Germany to the Black Sea  

  1. Democratic: type of government where people vote 

  1. Dictatora ruler with total power over a country  

  1. Dictatorship: government controlled by a single leader   

  1. Diversity: ?inclusion of different types of people 

  1. Depression: economic decline when trade and industrial activity are reduced 

  1. Embargo: prohibition on trade with a certain country 

  1. Empire: state containing several countries or territories  

  1. English Channel: body of water separating England from France  

  1. Entrepreneur: person who organizes and manages his or her own business  

  1. Environment: the natural world, especially as affected by human activity 

  1. Ethnic: group of people who share many characteristics such as language, physical appearance, customs and traditions 

  1. European union: a group of European countries united to bring more advantages to members that might not be able to the smaller nations; works to improve trade, education, farming and industry among the members   

  1. Exploration: Investigating new areas 

  1. Extract: remove  

  1. Fascism: political system that stresses national strength, military might & the belief that the state is more important than the individual 

  1. Fertile: rich in nutrients; able to grow many plants  

  1. First Nations: native groups who lived south of the Arctic region in Canada  

  1. Fossil fuel: a natural fuel such as coal or gas  

  1. Free trade: removal of trade barriers   

  1. Government: group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws for a country or area   

  1. Great Depression: worldwide economic slump during the 1930s  

  1. Great Lakes: A group of five freshwater?lakes?of central North America between the United States and Canada, including?Lakes?Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario 

  1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) : total value of all goods and services produced in a country in a year 

  1. Holocaust: the mass murder of Jews by the Nazis during WWII  

  1. Hudson Bay: large body of salt water in Northeastern Canada  

  1. Human capital: workers of a business or country including their education, training, skills and health   

  1. Hydroelectric energy: electricity produced from fast-flowing water  

  1. Iberian Peninsula: Peninsula in Southwest Europe occupied by Spain and Portugal  

  1. Impactthe influence of one person or thing on another 

  1. Imperialism: extending empires by seizing territory  

  1. Independence: the right to rule oneself   

  1. Indigenous: native to a region   

  1. Inflation: general increase in prices  

  1. International trade: trade between different countries  

  1. Investing: act of using money in the hopes of making a future profit  

  1. Islam: religion centered in the Middle East based on the teachings of the prophet Mohamed  

  1. Judaism: monotheistic religion descended from Abraham 

  1. Judicial branch: applies and interprets the laws of the constitution